Ce que la valériane peut faire pour vous

Par Collectif LaNutrition.fr - Journalistes scientifiques et diététiciennes Publié le 28/10/2008 Mis à jour le 12/01/2022 Edition Abonné
Fiche pratique

La valériane est traditionnellement utilisée pour lutter contre l'anxiété et les troubles du sommeil. Son efficacité est-elle avérée, et comment l'utiliser ? Nous vous disons tout sur cette plante vivace et répandue.

Qu’est-ce que la valériane ?

Définition

La valériane est une plante herbacée vivace de la famille des Valérianacées. Il en existe plus de 200 espèces dans le monde. Valeriana officinalis est l’espèce la plus souvent désignée comme « ...

Références
  1. EMA. European Union Herbal Monograph on Valeriana Officinalis L. Radix. 2016.
  2. Das G et al. Plant Species of Sub-Family Valerianaceae—A Review on Its Effect on the Central Nervous System. Plants. 2021.
  3. Roh D et al. Valerian extract alters functional brain connectivity: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial.  Phytother Res. 2019.
  4. Hattesohl M, Feistel B, Sievers H, Lehnfeld R, Hegger M, Winterhoff H. Extracts of Valeriana officinalis L. s.l. show anxiolytic and antidepressant effects but neither sedative nor myorelaxant properties. Phytomedicine. 2008 Jan;15(1-2):2-15.
  5. Vidal. Phytothérapie : valériane. Lien : https://www.vidal.fr/parapharmacie/phytotherapie-plantes/valeriane-valeriana-officinalis.html
     
  6. Luciano Pimenta Pinheiro M et al. Valeriana officinalis L. for conscious sedation of patients submitted to impacted lower third molar surgery: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled split-mouth study. J Pharm Bioallied Sci. 2014.
  7. Reza Tammadon M et al. The Effects of Valerian on Sleep Quality, Depression, and State Anxiety in Hemodialysis Patients: A Randomized, Double-blind, Crossover Clinical Trial. Oman Med J. 2021.
  8. Andreatini R, Sartori VA, et al. Effect of valepotriates (valerian extract) in generalized anxiety disorder: a randomized placebo-controlled pilot study. Phytother Res 2002 Nov;16(7):650-4.
  9. Cropley M, Cave Z, et al. Effect of kava and valerian on human physiological and psychological responses to mental stress assessed under laboratory conditions. Phytother Res 2002 Feb;16(1):23-7.
  10. Kennedy DO, Little W, et al. Anxiolytic effects of a combination of Melissa officinalis and Valeriana officinalis during laboratory induced stress. Phytother Res. 2006 Feb;20(2):96-102.
  11. Bent S, Padula A, Moore D, Patterson M, Mehling W. Valerian for sleep: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2006 Dec;119(12):1005-12.
  12. Donath F, Quispe S, et al. Critical evaluation of the effect of valerian extract on sleep structure and sleep quality. Pharmacopsychiatry. 2000 Mar;33(2):47-53.
  13. Herera-Arellano A et al. Polysomnographic evaluation of the hypnotic effect of Valeriana edulis standardized extract in patients suffering from insomnia. Planta Med. 2001 Nov;67(8):695-9.
  14. Francis AJ, Dempster RJ. Effect of valerian, Valeriana edulis, on sleep difficulties in children with intellectual deficits: randomised trial. Phytomedicine. 2002 May;9(4):273-9.
  15. Dorn M. [Efficacy and tolerability of Baldrian versus oxazepam in non-organic and non-psychiatric insomniacs: a randomised, double-blind, clinical, comparative study]. [Article en allemand, résumé en anglais]. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd 2000 Apr;7(2):79-84.
  16. Ziegler G, Ploch M, et al. Efficacy and tolerability of valerian extract LI 156 compared with oxazepam in the treatment of non-organic insomnia--a randomized, double-blind, comparative clinical study. Eur J Med Res. 2002 Nov 25;7(11):480-6.
  17. Dimpfel W, Suter A. Sleep improving effects of a single dose administration of a valerian/hops fluid extract - a double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled sleep-EEG study in a parallel design using electrohypnograms. Eur J Med Res. 2008 May 26;13(5):200-4
     
  18. Cerny A, Schmid K. Tolerability and efficacy of valerian/lemon balm in healthy volunteers (a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre study). Fitoterapia 1999; 70: 221-228. Étude citée dans : Natural Standard (Ed). Herbs & Supplements - Valerian, Nature Medicine Quality Standard. [Consulté le 15 novembre 2005]. www.naturalstandard.com
  19. Schmitz M, Jackel M. [Comparative study for assessing quality of life of patients with exogenous sleep disorders (temporary sleep onset and sleep interruption disorders) treated with a hops-valarian preparation and a benzodiazepine drug]. [Article en allemand, résumé en anglais]. Wien Med Wochenschr 1998;148(13):291-8.
  20. Morin CM, Koetter U, et al. Valerian-hops combination and diphenhydramine for treating insomnia: a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial. Sleep. 2005 Nov 1;28(11):1465-71.
  21. Koetter U, Schrader E, Käufeler R, Brattström A. A randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled, prospective clinical study to demonstrate clinical efficacy of a fixed valerian hops extract combination (Ze 91019) in patients suffering from non-organic sleep disorder. Phytother Res. 2007 Sep;21(9):847-51.
  22. Ait Abdellah S et al. A combination of Eschscholtzia californica Cham. and Valeriana officinalis L. extracts for adjustment insomnia: A prospective observational study.  J Tradit Complement Med. 2019.
  23. Hadley S, Petry JJ. Valerian. Am Fam Physician. 2003 Apr 15;67(8):1755-8
  24. Taibi DM, Bourguignon C, Taylor AG. Valerian use for sleep disturbances related to rheumatoid arthritis. Holist Nurs Pract. 2004 May-Jun;18(3):120-6.
  25. Wheatley D. Medicinal plants for insomnia: a review of their pharmacology, efficacy and tolerability. J Psychopharmacol. 2005 Jul;19(4):414-21.
  26. Bent S, Padula A, Moore D, Patterson M, Mehling W. Valerian for sleep: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2006 Dec;119(12):1005-12.
     
  27. Taibi DM, Landis CA, Petry H, Vitiello MV. A systematic review of valerian as a sleep aid: safe but not effective. Sleep Med Rev. 2007 Jun;11(3):209-30
     
  28. Shiniyo N et al. Valerian Root in Treating Sleep Problems and Associated Disorders—A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Evid Based Integr Med. 2020.
  29. Khaton Zare Elmi H et al. Efficacy of Valerian Extract on Sleep Quality after Coronary Artery bypass Graft Surgery: A Triple-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial.  Chin J Integr Med. 2021
  30. Dietz BM et al. Botanicals and Their Bioactive Phytochemicals for Women’s Health. Pharmacol Rev. 2016.
  31. Behboodi Moghadam Z et al. The effect of Valerian root extract on the severity of pre menstrual syndrome symptoms. J Tradit Complement Med. 2016.
  32. Jenabi E et al. The effect of Valerian on the severity and frequency of hot flashes: A triple-blind randomized clinical trial. Women Health. 2018.
  33. Zare A et. Analgesic Effect of Valerian Root and Turnip Extracts. World J Plast Surg. 2018.
  34. Mirzaee M G G et al. Effect of valerian capsules in patients with migraine attacks treated with sodium valproate: a randomized clinical trial. JSKUMS. 2015.
  35. Azizi H et al. Effects of Valeriana officinalis (Valerian) on tension-type headache: A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial. Avicenna J Phytomed. 2020.
  36. Karleskind B. Guide pratique des compléments alimentaires. Éditions Thierry Souccar. 2013.
  37. Corjon. Se soigner par les plantes. Editions Gisserot. 2018.
  38. Asher G N et al. Common Herbal Dietary Supplement-Drug Interactions. Am Fam Physician. 2017.

Cet article est réservé aux abonnés

Déjà abonné ?

Retrouvez la suite de votre article en vous connectant à votre espace personnel.

Je m'identifie
Pas encore abonné ?

Accédez à des articles et conseils exclusifs en vous abonnant pour seulement 39 € / an.

Je m'abonne
Publicité

La sélection

Publicité

Les meilleurs livres et compléments alimentaires sélectionnés pour vous par NUTRISTORE, la boutique de la nutrition.

Découvrir la boutique logo Nutrivi

A découvrir également

Back to top